In his Gettysburg Address, Abraham Lincoln’s words were,“Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure.”
After reading David Armitage’s new book, Civil Wars: A History in Ideas, we come to know that the expression “civil war” has been such a risk in the course of the most recent 2,000 years, related with loathsomeness and destruction, that the rulers, writers, and thinkers thought it appropriate to use less premonition words as: “resistance” or “insurgence,” or even “unrest.”.
During the 18th century, when the American Republic had been formed, scholars were able to classify civil war into three different kinds.
The first was the successionist which always ensued after a monarch’s death. Tom Paine wrote, “… [M]onarchy and succession have laid (not this or that kingdom only) but the world in blood and ashes.”
The second kind of civil war is called secessionist. a body of politicians, who have been self-selected,fight for their rights, against the ruling government.
While the third kind of Civil War is the supersessionist, which is the most dangerous and destructive of all the Civil Wars. In this war the opposing bodies fight for the possession of the same land.
So we can say that there’s a supersessionist civil war going on in America, between the two opposing bodies, those who voted for Donald Trump and those who voted against him.
Since Napolean’s exile a number of different wars have been fought among which only few have been supersessionist civil wars.
In a supersessionist civil war foreign powers intervene and the political scenario of America nowadays can be likened to this situation.
The Russian and The French Revolution were also supersessionist civil wars, whereas The People’s Republic of China is also the result of such a war.
In short such wars only bring disaster and destruction, in which one side is totally wiped -out to make the other one triumph.